IJERPH, Vol. 20, Pages 6514: Evaluation of a Primary E-Health Intervention for People with Alcohol Use Disorder: Clinical Characteristics of Users and Efficacy
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph20156514
Andreas Guenter Franke
In Germany, only about 10% of patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) are treated by the professional help system. &ldquo;The First 30 Days without Alcohol&rdquo;, an interactive e-health intervention, was developed to support people with &ldquo;alcohol problems&rdquo; to abstain from alcohol. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of the approach, the program&rsquo;s target group, if and why it is effective. In March 2022 an email was sent to all users who had completed the program. A link to a web-based survey regarding the target group&rsquo;s characteristics, its alcohol-use patterns, former attempts to change the problematic drinking behavior and experience with the program was introduced. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) was used prior and post intervention. A total of 718 participants completed the questionnaire. Of these, 99.2% suffered from AUD; 81.6% of participants were females, and about one third reported some form of psychiatric comorbidity; 46.6% did not use any additional help or assistance apart from the program; 78.3% reported to be abstinent after participation in the 30-day program, and the data show a significant AUDIT score reduction. Primary e-health interventions may contribute to the established addiction-help system. The intervention seems to reach predominantly highly educated and high-functioning females because of their characteristics.
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