Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 4258: Investigation of Antimicrobial Effects of Polydopamine-Based Composite Coatings
Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules28114258
Herein, polydopamine (PDA)-based antimicrobial coatings loaded with silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) and gentamicin were designed and prepared on glass slides using two different approaches. To our knowledge, this study was performed for the first time with the aim to compare these methods (viz., in situ loading and physical adsorption method) regarding the loading and release behavior of payloads. In one method, gentamicin was in situ loaded on PDA-coated substrates during PDA polymerization followed by Ag NPs immobilization (named as Ag@Gen/PDA); for the second method, Ag NPs and gentamicin were simultaneously loaded onto PDA via physical adsorption by immersing pre-formed PDA coatings into a mixed solution of Ag NPs and gentamicin (named as Ag/Gen@PDA). The loading and release characteristics of these antimicrobial coatings were compared, and both gave variable outcomes. The in situ loading method consequently provided a relatively slow release of loaded antimicrobials, i.e., approx. 46% for Ag@Gen/PDA as compared to 92% from physically adsorbed Ag/GenPDA in an immersion period of 30 days. A similar trend was observed for gentamicin release, i.e., ~0.006 &micro;g/mL from Ag@Gen/PDA and 0.02 &micro;g/mL from Ag/Gen@PDA each day. The slower antimicrobial release from Ag@Gen/PDA coatings would ultimately provide an effective long-term antimicrobial property as compared to Ag/Gen@PDA. Finally, the synergistic antimicrobial activities of these composite coatings were assessed against two microbial species, namely, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, hence providing evidence in the prevention of bacterial colonization.
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