Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 4236: A Quick Method to Synthesize Extrachromosomal Circular DNA In Vitro

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Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 4236: A Quick Method to Synthesize Extrachromosomal Circular DNA In Vitro

Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules28104236

Authors:
Shanru Zuo
Xueguang Li
Yide Yang
Junhua Zhou
Quanyuan He

Extrachromosomal circular DNA (eccDNA) is a special class of circular DNA in eukaryotes. Recent studies have suggested that eccDNA is the product of genomic instability and has important biological functions to regulate many downstream biological processes. While NGS (Next-Generation Sequencing)-based eccDNA sequencing has led to the identification of many eccDNAs in both healthy and diseased tissues, the specific biological functions of individual eccDNAs have yet to be clearly elucidated. Synthesizing eccDNAs longer than 1 kb with specific sequences remains a major challenge in the field, which has hindered our ability to fully understand their functions. Current methods for synthesizing eccDNAs primarily rely on chemical oligo synthesis, ligation, or the use of a specific gene editing and recombination systems. Therefore, these methods are often limited by the length of eccDNAs and are complex, expensive, as well as time-consuming. In this study, we introduce a novel method named QuickLAMA (Ligase-Assisted Minicircle Accumulation) for rapidly synthesizing eccDNAs up to 2.6 kb using a simple PCR and ligation approach. To validate the efficacy of our method, we synthesized three eccDNAs of varying lengths from cancer tissue and PC3 cells and confirmed successful circularization through sequencing and restriction enzyme digestion. Additional analyses have demonstrated that this method is highly efficient, cost-effective, and time-efficient, with good reproducibility. Using the method, a well-trained molecular biologist can synthesize and purify multiple eccDNAs within a single day, and it can be easily standardized and processed in a high-throughput manner, indicating the potential of the method to produce a wide range of desired eccDNAs and promote the translation of eccDNA research into clinical applications.

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