IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 9110: The Role of Integrin Receptor’s α and β Subunits of Mouse Mesenchymal Stem Cells on the Interaction of Marine-Derived Blacktip Reef Shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus) Skin Collagen

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IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 9110: The Role of Integrin Receptor’s α and β Subunits of Mouse Mesenchymal Stem Cells on the Interaction of Marine-Derived Blacktip Reef Shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus) Skin Collagen

International Journal of Molecular Sciences doi: 10.3390/ijms24119110

Authors:
Baolin Ge
Mingjun Wei
Bin Bao
Zhilin Pan
Jeevithan Elango
Wenhui Wu

Marine collagen (MC) has recently attracted more attention in tissue engineering as a biomaterial substitute due to its significant role in cellular signaling mechanisms, especially in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). However, the actual signaling mechanism of MC in MSC growth, which is highly influenced by their molecular pattern, is poorly understood. Hence, we investigated the integrin receptors (α1β1, α2β1, α10β1, and α11β1) binding mechanism and proliferation of MCs (blacktip reef shark collagen (BSC) and blue shark collagen (SC)) compared to bovine collagen (BC) on MSCs behavior through functionalized collagen molecule probing for the first time. The results showed that BSC and SC had higher proliferation rates and accelerated scratch wound healing by increasing migratory rates of MSCs. Cell adhesion and spreading results demonstrated that MC had a better capacity to anchor MSCs and maintain cell morphology than controls. Living cell observations showed that BSC was gradually assembled by cells into the ECM network within 24 h. Interestingly, qRT-PCR and ELISA revealed that the proliferative effect of MC was triggered by interacting with specific integrin receptors such as α2β1, α10β1, and α11β1 of MSCs. Accordingly, BSC accelerated MSCs’ growth, adhesion, shape, and spreading by interacting with specific integrin subunits (α2 and β1) and thereby triggering further signaling cascade mechanisms.

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