Sustainability, Vol. 15, Pages 8380: A Review of Load Frequency Control Schemes Deployed for Wind-Integrated Power Systems

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Sustainability, Vol. 15, Pages 8380: A Review of Load Frequency Control Schemes Deployed for Wind-Integrated Power Systems

Sustainability doi: 10.3390/su15108380

Authors:
Rafiq Asghar
Francesco Riganti Fulginei
Hamid Wadood
Sarmad Saeed

Load frequency control (LFC) has recently gained importance due to the increasing integration of wind energy in contemporary power systems. Hence, several power system models, control techniques, and controllers have been developed to improve the efficiency, resilience, flexibility, and economic feasibility of LFC. Critical factors, such as energy systems, resources, optimization approaches, resilience, and transient stability have been studied to demonstrate the uniqueness of the proposed design. This paper examines the most recent advances in LFC techniques for wind-based power systems. Moreover, the use of classical, artificial intelligence, model predictive control, sliding mode control, cascade controllers, and other newly designed and adopted controllers in the LFC area is thoroughly examined. Statistical analysis and a comparison table are used to evaluate the advantages, disadvantages, and applications of various controllers. Finally, this paper presents a comprehensive overview of contemporary and other widely used soft computing tools for the LFC issue. This detailed literature review will assist researchers in overcoming the gap between current progress, application, limitations, and future developments of wind energy in LFC.

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