Separations, Vol. 10, Pages 321: Degradation of Azo Dye by Ultrasound in Rotating Flow Field

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Separations, Vol. 10, Pages 321: Degradation of Azo Dye by Ultrasound in Rotating Flow Field

Separations doi: 10.3390/separations10050321

Authors:
Chunwei Shi
Fan Yang
Xiaogang Zhai

Azo dyes such as Congo red can easily cause cancer when they come into contact or are absorbed by the human body, so it is urgent to find a fast and simple method for degrading Congo red. In order to better achieve this research goal, an ultrasonic method was used to degrade Congo red solution in a rotating flow field. The concentration of hydroxyl radical in the solution was significantly increased under the action of ultrasonic cavitation, chemical action of zero valent iron, and mechanochemistry. Under the strong oxidation of hydroxyl radical and the reduction of nano zero valent iron peeled off in the reaction process, the reaction speed is significantly accelerated and should promote the reaction. The effect of increasing stirring and adding iron powder particles on ultrasonic cavitation was studied by numerical simulation, and the yield of hydroxyl radical in the system was measured by fluorescence analysis. The experimental results show that, first, the rotating field formed by mixing increases the uniformity of ultrasonic sound field distribution and the amplitude of sound pressure, and it improves the cavitation intensity. In the effective dispersion area, the strong ultrasonic wave can form a temporary high-energy microenvironment in the suspension through cavitation, generate high strength shockwaves and micro jets, and thus significantly deagglomerate the iron powder aggregates. The addition of iron powder particles then provides a complementary Fenton reagent for the degradation reaction. The concentration of hydroxyl radicals in the solution was significantly increased by the synergy of the two actions. The degradation rate of Congo red reached more than 99% after 30 min of reaction.

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