Processes, Vol. 11, Pages 1575: Prediction and Application of Surface Settlement of Shallow Buried Tunnels Taking into Account Strata Slip Cracks

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Processes, Vol. 11, Pages 1575: Prediction and Application of Surface Settlement of Shallow Buried Tunnels Taking into Account Strata Slip Cracks

Processes doi: 10.3390/pr11051575

Authors:
Zhonggang Ma
Xiaofei Xie
He Jia
Junwei Zhao
Sunwen He
Xiaohua Wang

The empirical formula is one of the traditional methods used for predicting ground deformation settlement caused by tunnel excavation. Due to its rationality and simplicity, the Peck formula is widely used for predicting surface subsidence. However, due to its limitations, it is necessary to modify it when predicting surface settlement caused by tunnel excavation in different strata. In this paper, a correction formula for the width coefficient of a tunnel surface settlement slot is derived from the Peck formula by taking into account the theory of strata slip cracks. Values are calculated using the correction formula and compared with measured data to verify the effectiveness of the correction formula. The main conclusions are: (1) The position corresponding to the width of the settlement in the Peck curve is the point where the formation is most prone to slip cracking. (2) In the general shallow buried case, the settlement groove width coefficient K and the internal friction angle φ of the ground satisfy the formula K = 1/tan(45° + φ/2 + a) + b, and the values of parameters a and b reflect the average values of the geometric properties of the tunnel based on the measured data. (3) The prediction of the correction formula is consistent with the measured data, and thus the correction formula can be applied to problems related to the stability of shallow buried tunnels.

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