Plants, Vol. 12, Pages 2050: 12-Oxophytodienoate Reductase Overexpression Compromises Tolerance to Botrytis cinerea in Hexaploid and Tetraploid Wheat
Plants doi: 10.3390/plants12102050
Adi Ti Basnet
Alexander S. Pushin
12-Oxophytodienoate reductase is the enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of phytohormone jasmonates, which are considered to be the major regulators of plant tolerance to biotic challenges, especially necrotrophic pathogens. However, we observe compromised tolerance to the necrotrophic fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea in transgenic hexaploid bread wheat and tetraploid emmer wheat plants overexpressing 12-OXOPHYTODIENOATE REDUCTASE-3 gene from Arabidopsis thaliana, while in Arabidopsis plants themselves, endogenously produced and exogenously applied jasmonates exert a strong protective effect against B. cinerea. Exogenous application of methyl jasmonate on hexaploid and tetraploid wheat leaves suppresses tolerance to B. cinerea and induces the formation of chlorotic damages. Exogenous treatment with methyl jasmonate in concentrations of 100 &micro;M and higher causes leaf yellowing even in the absence of the pathogen, in agreement with findings on the role of jasmonates in the regulation of leaf senescence. Thereby, the present study demonstrates the negative role of the jasmonate system in hexaploid and tetraploid wheat tolerance to B. cinerea and reveals previously unknown jasmonate-mediated responses.
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