Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 4224: A MD Simulation Prediction for Regulation of N-Terminal Modification on Binding of CD47 to CD172a in a Force-Dependent Manner
Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules28104224
Cancer cells can evade immune surveillance through binding of its transmembrane receptor CD47 to CD172a on myeloid cells. CD47 is recognized as a promising immune checkpoint for cancer immunotherapy inhibiting macrophage phagocytosis. N-terminal post-translated modification (PTM) via glutaminyl cyclase is a landmark event in CD47 function maturation, but the molecular mechanism underlying the mechano-chemical regulation of the modification on CD47/CD172a remains unclear. Here, we performed so-called &ldquo;ramp-clamp&rdquo; steered molecular dynamics (SMD) simulations, and found that the N-terminal PTM enhanced interaction of CD172a with CD47 by inducing a dynamics-driven contraction of the binding pocket of the bound CD172a, an additional constraint on CYS15 on CD47 significantly improved the tensile strength of the complex with or without PTM, and a catch bond phenomenon would occur in complex dissociation under tensile force of 25 pN in a PTM-independent manner too. The residues GLN52 and SER66 on CD172a reinforced the H-bonding with their partners on CD47 in responding to PTM, while ARG69 on CD172 with its partner on CD47 might be crucial in the structural stability of the complex. This work might serve as molecular basis for the PTM-induced function improvement of CD47, should be helpful for deeply understanding CD47-relevant immune response and cancer development, and provides a novel insight in developing of new strategies of immunotherapy targeting this molecule interaction.
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