Land, Vol. 12, Pages 1105: Assessing the Livelihood Vulnerability of Nomads to Changing Climate in the Third Pole Region of Nepal

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Land, Vol. 12, Pages 1105: Assessing the Livelihood Vulnerability of Nomads to Changing Climate in the Third Pole Region of Nepal

Land doi: 10.3390/land12051105

Authors:
Rijan Bhakta Kayastha
Woo-Kyun Lee
Nischal Shrestha
Sonam Wangyel Wang

This study was performed in Nepal’s Langtang and Shey Phoksundo National Parks (NPs) to find out how vulnerable the nomads’ ways of making a living are to climate change. We interviewed 68 household heads between March and May 2022 to obtain information on 13 components and 46 indicators. The original data were backed up by an analysis of the published and unpublished literature that was available. A composite index was used to combine the data, and different vulnerabilities were compared. As nomads in both NPs rely mostly on natural resources for energy, water, and food, the findings revealed that land, energy, water, sanitation, and natural resources are the most important factors influencing nomads’ livelihood vulnerability in both NPs. Although herders in Shey Phoksundo NP suffered less loss as a result of climate change-related natural disasters, human–wildlife conflict was a major issue in both parks. Both the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) and LVI–IPCC suggested that both national parks were moderately vulnerable to climate change indicators. The results are likely to serve as empirical evidence for future strategies, such as implementing policy measures aimed at reducing the sensitivity of habitat conditions, increasing societal resilience, introducing sustainable livelihood alternatives, and improving individual stability.

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