JPM, Vol. 13, Pages 877: Personalized Management of Sudden Death Risk in Primary Cardiomyopathies: From Clinical Evaluation and Multimodality Imaging to Ablation and Cardioverter-Defibrillator Implant

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JPM, Vol. 13, Pages 877: Personalized Management of Sudden Death Risk in Primary Cardiomyopathies: From Clinical Evaluation and Multimodality Imaging to Ablation and Cardioverter-Defibrillator Implant

Journal of Personalized Medicine doi: 10.3390/jpm13050877

Authors:
Davide Lazzeroni
Antonio Crocamo
Valentina Ziveri
Maria Francesca Notarangelo
Davide Rizzello
Matteo Spoladori
Davide Donelli
Giovanna Cacciola
Diego Ardissino
Giampaolo Niccoli
Giovanni Peretto

Sudden cardiac death represents the leading cause of death worldwide; although the majority of sudden deaths occur in an elderly population with coronary artery disease, some occur in young and otherwise healthy individuals, as is the case of cardiomyopathies. The aim of the present review is to provide a stepwise hierarchical approach for the global sudden death risk estimation in primary cardiomyopathies. Each individual risk factor is analyzed for its contribution to the overall risk of sudden death for each specific cardiomyopathy as well as across all primary myocardial diseases. This stepwise hierarchical and personalized approach starts from the clinical evaluation, subsequently passes through the role of electrocardiographic monitoring and multimodality imaging, and finally concludes with genetic evaluation and electro-anatomical mapping. In fact, the sudden cardiac death risk assessment in cardiomyopathies depends on a multiparametric approach. Moreover, current indications for ventricular arrhythmia ablation and defibrillator implantation are discussed.

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