JPM, Vol. 13, Pages 875: A Case Series of Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation Treatment for the Supplementary Motor Area Twice a Day in Patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Real World TMS Registry Study in Japan

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JPM, Vol. 13, Pages 875: A Case Series of Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation Treatment for the Supplementary Motor Area Twice a Day in Patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Real World TMS Registry Study in Japan

Journal of Personalized Medicine doi: 10.3390/jpm13050875

Authors:
Yoshihiro Noda
Kyoshiro Fujii
Fumi Tokura
Shinichiro Nakajima
Ryosuke Kitahata

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by patterns in which unwanted thoughts and fears are evoked as obsessions and furthermore, compulsive behaviors are provoked repeatedly, with a prevalence rate of 2% of the population. These obsessive-compulsive symptoms disrupt daily life and cause great distress to the individual. At present, OCD is treated with antidepressants, mainly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and psychotherapy, including the exposure and response prevention method. However, these approaches may only show a certain level of efficacy, and approximately 50% of patients with OCD show treatment resistance. This situation has led to the research and development of neuromodulation therapies, including transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment, for OCD worldwide in recent years. In this case series, we retrospectively analyzed the TMS registry data of continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) therapy targeting the bilateral supplementary motor cortex for six patients with OCD whose obsessive-compulsive symptoms had not improved with pharmacotherapy. The results suggest that treatment with cTBS for the bilateral supplementary motor area may reduce obsessive-compulsive symptoms in patients with OCD, despite the limitations of an open-label preliminary case series. The present findings warrant further validation with a randomized, sham-controlled trial with a larger sample size in the future.

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