JCDD, Vol. 10, Pages 224: Early and Long-Term Clinical and Echocardiographic Outcomes of Sutureless vs. Sutured Bioprosthesis for Aortic Valve Replacement

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JCDD, Vol. 10, Pages 224: Early and Long-Term Clinical and Echocardiographic Outcomes of Sutureless vs. Sutured Bioprosthesis for Aortic Valve Replacement

Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease doi: 10.3390/jcdd10050224

Authors:
Aleksander Dokollari
Gianluca Torregrossa
Gianluigi Bisleri
Ali Fatehi Hassanabad
Michel Pompeu Sa
Serge Sicouri
Altin Veshti
Edvin Prifti
Beatrice Bacchi
Francesco Cabrucci
Basel Ramlawi
Massimo Bonacchi

Objective: The goal of this manuscript is to compare clinical and echocardiographic outcomes of patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) with Perceval sutureless bioprosthesis (SU-AVR) and sutured bioprosthesis (SB). Methods: Following the PRISMA statement, data were extracted from studies published after August 2022 and found in PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR, ClinicalTrials.gov, SciELO, LILACS, and Google Scholar. The primary outcome of interest was post-procedural permanent pacemaker implantation, and the secondary outcomes were new left bundle branch block (LBBB), moderate/severe paravalvular leak (PVL), valve dislocation (pop-out), need for a second transcatheter heart valve, 30-day mortality, stroke, and echocardiographic outcomes. Results: Twenty-one studies were included in the analysis. When SU-AVR was compared to other SB, mortality ranged from 0 to 6.4% for Perceval and 0 to 5.9% for SB. Incidence of PVL (Perceval 1–19.4% vs. SB 0–1%), PPI (Perceval 2–10.7% vs. SB 1.8–8.5%), and MI (Perceval 0–7.8% vs. SB 0–4.3%) were comparable. In addition, the stroke rate was lower in the SU-AVR group when compared to SB (Perceval 0–3.7% vs. SB 1.8–7.3%). In patients with a bicuspid aortic valve, the mortality rate was 0–4% and PVL incidence was 0–2.3%. Long-term survival ranged between 96.7 and 98.6%. Valve cost analysis was lower for the Perceval valve and higher for sutured bioprosthesis. Conclusions: Compared to SB valves, Perceval bioprosthesis has proved to be a reliable prosthesis for surgical aortic valve replacement due to its non-inferior hemodynamics, implantation speed, reduced cardiopulmonary bypass time, reduced aortic cross-clamp time, and shorter length of stay.

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