Inventions, Vol. 8, Pages 74: Investigations on Using Intelligent Learning Techniques for Anomaly Detection and Diagnosis in Sensors Signals in Li-Ion Battery—Case Study

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Inventions, Vol. 8, Pages 74: Investigations on Using Intelligent Learning Techniques for Anomaly Detection and Diagnosis in Sensors Signals in Li-Ion Battery—Case Study

Inventions doi: 10.3390/inventions8030074

Authors:
Nicolae Tudoroiu
Mohammed Zaheeruddin
Roxana-Elena Tudoroiu
Mihai Sorin Radu
Hana Chammas

This research paper aims to design and implement an intelligent least short time memory (LSTM) deep learning classification technique to detect possible anomalies in measurements dataset within a particular Li-ion battery type. For the state of charge (SOC) and battery faults estimation, a Joint State and Parameter Extended Kalman Filter (JEKF) estimator is developed. The SOC accuracy performance is excellent, with less than 0.5% error during steady-state, compared to the 2% error reported in the literature. For the design and implementation of JEKF SOC and parameter estimation is chosen a preset Li-ion battery Simulink Simscape generic model. It is also helpful to generate the healthy and faulty measurement dataset to design and implement the proposed intelligent LSTM classifier deep learning technique. The generic Li-ion battery model is wisely selected for the “proof concept” purpose, model validation, and algorithms’ robustness, accuracy, and effectiveness. Compared to the traditional EKF fault diagnosis and isolation (FDI), a model-based estimation strategy, the proposed classification LSTM technique is an intelligent data-driven-based deep learning algorithm of high accuracy (around 80%) and loss performance close to zero. Therefore, this feature makes data collection of dataset measurements directly from Li-ion battery sensors possible, which is beneficial for generating online fault scenarios. Additionally, the LSTM deep learning technique can remarkably classify all detected anomalies with high accuracy, independent of battery model accuracy, uncertainties, and unmodeled dynamics. Also, high-performance accuracy root mean square error (RMSE) of 0.0588 (voltage fault), approximately 5.5×10−7 (healthy) and 8.87 × 10−6 (current fault) for deep learning shallow neural network (DLSNN) reveals an obvious superiority of both compared to the traditional FDI estimation strategies.

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