IJERPH, Vol. 20, Pages 5900: Individual and Contextual Determinants of Flu Vaccination Adherence: A University Nudge Intervention

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IJERPH, Vol. 20, Pages 5900: Individual and Contextual Determinants of Flu Vaccination Adherence: A University Nudge Intervention

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph20105900

Authors:
Nadia Pecoraro
Francesca Malatesta
Luna Carpinelli
Domenico Fornino
Claudio Giordano
Giuseppina Moccia
Matilde Perillo
Mario Capunzo
Giulia Savarese
Francesco De Caro

Introduction: The University of Salerno has implemented a nudge intervention with the aim of promoting vaccine adherence among employees of academia and identifying individual and contextual determinants that influence adherence. Method: A purpose-built questionnaire was used during the reference period of October–December 2022 in order to assess levels of state anxiety (STAI-Y1), perceived stress (PSS-10), and public sentiments, which influence vaccination behavior, with consequences for the whole population (VCI). Results: Analysis of the results revealed a difference in mean scores on the PSS: those who have always adhered to the vaccination campaign compared to those who have never been vaccinated perceived higher levels of stress (12.01 vs. 11.33; F = 4.744, p = 0.031); furthermore, there was a relationship between the presence/absence of pathologies and VCI (F = 3,93; df = 1; p = 0.04). Conclusions: The University of Salerno’s nudge intervention made its employees more responsible for protecting the health of the academic community and encouraged good adherence to the flu vaccination campaign. University employees, equipped with high cultural tools, sought information primarily from institutional sources indicated by the university during the free vaccination campaign at the university’s vaccine center.

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