Foods, Vol. 12, Pages 2074: Microbial Lipid Based Biorefinery Concepts: A Review of Status and Prospects

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Foods, Vol. 12, Pages 2074: Microbial Lipid Based Biorefinery Concepts: A Review of Status and Prospects

Foods doi: 10.3390/foods12102074

Authors:
Jonilson de Melo e Silva
Luiza Helena da Silva Martins
Débora Kono Taketa Moreira
Leonardo do Prado Silva
Paula de Paula Menezes Barbosa
Andrea Komesu
Nelson Rosa Ferreira
Johnatt Allan Rocha de Oliveira

The use of lignocellulosic biomass as a raw material for the production of lipids has gained increasing attention, especially in recent years when the use of food in the production of biofuels has become a current technology. Thus, the competition for raw materials for both uses has brought the need to create technological alternatives to reduce this competition that could generate a reduction in the volume of food offered and a consequent commercial increase in the value of food. Furthermore, the use of microbial oils has been studied in many industrial branches, from the generation of renewable energy to the obtainment of several value-added products in the pharmaceutical and food industries. Thus, this review provides an overview of the feasibility and challenges observed in the production of microbial lipids through the use of lignocellulosic biomass in a biorefinery. Topics covered include biorefining technology, the microbial oil market, oily microorganisms, mechanisms involved in lipid-producing microbial metabolism, strain development, processes, lignocellulosic lipids, technical drawbacks, and lipid recovery.

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