Fermentation, Vol. 9, Pages 493: Effect of Botrytis cinerea Activity on Glycol Composition and Concentration in Wines
Fermentation doi: 10.3390/fermentation9050493
The content of 2,3-butanediol ((R,R) and meso isomers) and 1,2-propanediol in grape berries and &ldquo;liquid samples&rdquo; (all non-berry extracts) from the Tokaj wine region of Hungary was investigated. Our aim was to find out how the activity of Botrytis cinerea influences the concentrations of these compounds compared with healthy grapes. Based on the measured concentrations, we can make a distinction between healthy berries and noble, rotted, so-called asz&uacute; berries. We also investigated if there is a difference between finished asz&uacute; wines and liquids intended for asz&uacute; production. We wanted to investigate the amount and distribution of the stereoisomers of 2,3-butanediol and their proportions. The results of the HS-SPME-GC-FID analysis of the samples showed significant differences in the 2,3-butanediol content between healthy and botrytised, asz&uacute; berries and between liquid samples for asz&uacute; production and asz&uacute; wines. In the berry samples, meso-2,3-butanediol could not be detected, whereas in the liquid samples, we found good amounts of this isomer. This may be due to the fact that the appearance of the meso form of 2,3-butanediol is a consequence of alcoholic fermentation. Significant differences were found between wines from healthy grapes and wines from botrytised grapes in terms of the levo-2,3-butanediol content, so that from an analytical point of view, a difference can be made between wines from healthy and botrytised grapes. No significant differences were found between berry and liquid samples in terms of 1,2-propanediol concentrations during our tests.
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