Energies, Vol. 16, Pages 4257: Scenario-Based Uncertainty Modeling for Power Management in Islanded Microgrid Using the Mixed-Integer Distributed Ant Colony Optimization

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Energies, Vol. 16, Pages 4257: Scenario-Based Uncertainty Modeling for Power Management in Islanded Microgrid Using the Mixed-Integer Distributed Ant Colony Optimization

Energies doi: 10.3390/en16104257

Authors:
Maen Z. Kreishan
Ahmed F. Zobaa

Reliable droop-controlled islanded microgrids are necessary to expand coverage and maximize renewables potential. Nonetheless, due to uncertainties surrounding renewable generation and load forecast, substantial power mismatch is expected at off-peak hours. Existing energy management systems such as storage and demand response are not equipped to handle a large power mismatch. Hence, utilizing dump loads to consume excess power is a promising solution to keep frequency and voltage within permissible limits during low-load hours. Considering the uncertainty in wind generation and demand forecast during off-peak hours, the dump load allocation problem was modeled within a scenario-based stochastic framework. The multi-objective optimization with uncertainty was formulated to minimize total microgrid cost, maximum voltage error, frequency deviation, and total energy loss. The mixed-integer distributed ant colony optimization was utilized in a massive parallelization framework for the first time in microgrids to solve the decomposed deterministic problem of the most probable scenarios. Moreover, a flexible and robust load-flow method called general backward/forward sweep was used to obtain the load-flow solution. The optimization problem was applied to the IEEE 69-bus and 118-bus systems. Furthermore, a cost benefit analysis was provided to highlight the proposed method’s advantage over battery-based power management solutions. Lastly, the obtained results further demonstrate the fundamental role of dump load as power management solution while minimizing costs and energy losses.

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