Electronics, Vol. 12, Pages 2342: Two-Tier Feature Extraction with Metaheuristics-Based Automated Forensic Speaker Verification Model

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Electronics, Vol. 12, Pages 2342: Two-Tier Feature Extraction with Metaheuristics-Based Automated Forensic Speaker Verification Model

Electronics doi: 10.3390/electronics12102342

Authors:
Gaurav
Saurabh Bhardwaj
Ravinder Agarwal

While speaker verification represents a critically important application of speaker recognition, it is also the most challenging and least well-understood application. Robust feature extraction plays an integral role in enhancing the efficiency of forensic speaker verification. Although the speech signal is a continuous one-dimensional time series, most recent models depend on recurrent neural network (RNN) or convolutional neural network (CNN) models, which are not able to exhaustively represent human speech, thus opening themselves up to speech forgery. As a result, to accurately simulate human speech and to further ensure speaker authenticity, we must establish a reliable technique. This research article presents a Two-Tier Feature Extraction with Metaheuristics-Based Automated Forensic Speaker Verification (TTFEM-AFSV) model, which aims to overcome the limitations of the previous models. The TTFEM-AFSV model focuses on verifying speakers in forensic applications by exploiting the average median filtering (AMF) technique to discard the noise in speech signals. Subsequently, the MFCC and spectrograms are considered as the inputs to the deep convolutional neural network-based Inception v3 model, and the Ant Lion Optimizer (ALO) algorithm is utilized to fine-tune the hyperparameters related to the Inception v3 model. Finally, a long short-term memory with a recurrent neural network (LSTM-RNN) mechanism is employed as a classifier for automated speaker recognition. The performance validation of the TTFEM-AFSV model was tested in a series of experiments. Comparative study revealed the significantly improved performance of the TTFEM-AFSV model over recent approaches.

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