Cancers, Vol. 15, Pages 2859: Benefit of Early Ruxolitinib Initiation Regardless of Fibrosis Grade in Patients with Primary Myelofibrosis: A Post Hoc Analysis of the Single-Arm Phase 3b JUMP Study

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Cancers, Vol. 15, Pages 2859: Benefit of Early Ruxolitinib Initiation Regardless of Fibrosis Grade in Patients with Primary Myelofibrosis: A Post Hoc Analysis of the Single-Arm Phase 3b JUMP Study

Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers15102859

Authors:
Francesca Palandri
Haifa Kathrin Al-Ali
Paola Guglielmelli
Mike W. Zuurman
Rajendra Sarkar
Vikas Gupta

Bone marrow fibrosis (BMF) is an adverse prognostic factor for myelofibrosis (MF). The single-arm, open-label, phase 3b JUMP trial (NCT01493414) assessed the safety and efficacy of the JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor ruxolitinib in patients with symptomatic MF. This post hoc analysis investigated the impact of BMF grade on response and outcomes in patients with primary MF (PMF) from the JUMP study. BMF was assessed by biopsy and graded from 0 to 3; grades 0–1 were considered low-grade fibrosis (LGF) and grades 2–3 were considered high-grade fibrosis (HGF). Patients with LGF (n = 268) had lower rates of cytopenias at baseline but showed comparable disease burden vs. patients with HGF (n = 852). The proportion of patients achieving a spleen response was greater in the LGF group vs. the HGF group at Week 24 and at any time during the study, while overall survival estimates were improved in patients with LGF vs. patients with HGF. Early initiation of ruxolitinib therapy (within 2 years of diagnosis) was associated with increased response rates in all patients. These results highlight the efficacy of ruxolitinib in symptomatic patients with PMF, with the greatest clinical improvements observed in patients with LGF and in patients who received early treatment.

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