Agronomy, Vol. 13, Pages 1431: Evaluation of Population and Hybrid Varieties of Winter Rye in the Conditions of Eastern Siberia

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Agronomy, Vol. 13, Pages 1431: Evaluation of Population and Hybrid Varieties of Winter Rye in the Conditions of Eastern Siberia

Agronomy doi: 10.3390/agronomy13051431

Authors:
Anatolii V. Pomortsev
Nikolay V. Dorofeev
Svetlana Yu. Zorina
Natalia B. Katysheva
Lada G. Sokolova
Anna S. Zhuravkova
Elena V. Mikhailova

Winter rye has a high adaptive capacity to abiotic and biotic stressors compared to other winter crops (wheat, triticale, barley, and oats). High resistance of winter rye to adverse environmental factors and a wide range of its uses increase interest in this crop. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the adaptive capacity of population and hybrid varieties of winter rye and to identify varieties suitable for the soil and climate conditions of Eastern Siberia. A number of winter rye varieties of various geographical origins were tested during three field seasons. In all the field seasons, the population varieties (Tagna, Mininskaya, and Chulpan) were the most productive and most resistant to adverse environmental factors compared to the hybrid wheat (KWS Aviator, KWS Prommo, and KWS Ravo). Statistically significant (p < 0.001 in 2019/2020 and p < 0.001 in 2021/2022) differences in field survival and yield between the population and hybrid varieties were noted.

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