Sustainability, Vol. 15, Pages 8360: Experimental Study on the Seismic Behavior of a Modified Adobe-Brick-Masonry Composite Wall with a Wooden-Construction Center Column

Sustainability, Vol. 15, Pages 8360: Experimental Study on the Seismic Behavior of a Modified Adobe-Brick-Masonry Composite Wall with a Wooden-Construction Center Column

Sustainability doi: 10.3390/su15108360

Authors:
Haoran Wang
Kang Yuan
Songlin Zhang
Junlin Guo

Damage to adobe constructions might occur due to a long wall and a lack of effective restraint in the middle of the wall, causing it to collapse under an earthquake. Aiming at these problems, a technology for improving the seismic performance of a modified adobe-brick-masonry composite wall with a wooden-construction center column is proposed. It uses modified mud, a wooden center column, steel-wire mesh, and nylon ropes to reinforce the wall. On this basis, four specimens of composite wall and one specimen of modified adobe wall were subjected to proposed quasistatic, cyclic in-plane loading tests to study their failure modes and seismic performance indicators. The results show that the failure modes of all walls were shear failure. The difference is that the modified adobe wall had horizontal cracks in the middle, whereas the composite walls were largely intact. Moreover, the composite walls relied on the modified mud to improve the seismic bearing capacity of each wall. They relied on the center column and the tie materials to form a second line of defense that would increase the wall ductility and collapse residual area. As a result, the phenomenon that caused wall damage and stiffness degradation was lessened.

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