Processes, Vol. 11, Pages 1572: Generalized Distribution Feeder Switching with Fuzzy Indexing for Energy Saving

Processes, Vol. 11, Pages 1572: Generalized Distribution Feeder Switching with Fuzzy Indexing for Energy Saving

Processes doi: 10.3390/pr11051572

Authors:
Whei-Min Lin
Wen-Chang Tsai

The objective of this study is to analyze feeder loss minimization and load balance under given constrains. Effective methods are required for feeder switching/reconfiguration. Feeder switching is a mixed-integer large-scale combinatorial problem for optimization, not easily solvable with classical optimization techniques, especially involving a great number of switches. This paper proposes a fuzzy indexing algorithm for feeder switching, with membership functions defined for switches such as thermometers or indices. The optimal switches can be determined through fuzzy index operations. With membership functions defined, the developed method used numerical operations for indices instead of the “set” operation or the min-max operations of traditional fuzzy algorithms. The optimization problem becomes a simple numeric calculation instead of a large-scale sorting problem and is much faster than most algorithms. It greatly reduces the computation time and enhances efficiency, which is suitable for either planning or operation purposes. Many algorithms were tested with three typical examples chosen for illustration, including the “optimal” results with an exhausted search. It shows that the proposed algorithm is very effective and can balance the load to reduce the loss and costs in obtaining the solution.

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