Materials, Vol. 16, Pages 3873: The Effect of Radial-Shear Rolling Deformation Processing on the Structure and Properties of Zr-2.5Nb Alloy
Materials doi: 10.3390/ma16103873
The rheological properties of the Zr-2.5Nb alloy by the strain rate range of 0.5&ndash;15 s&minus;1 and by the temperature range of 20&ndash;770 &deg;C was studied. The dilatometric method for phase states temperature ranges was experimentally determined. A material properties database for computer FEM simulation regards the indicated temperature-velocity ranges were created. Using this database and DEFORM-3D FEM-softpack, the radial shear rolling complex process numerical simulation was carried out. The contributed conditions for the ultrafine-grained state alloy structure refinement were determined. Based on the simulation results, a full-scale experiment of Zr-2.5Nb rod rolling a on a radial-shear rolling mill RSP-14/40 was carried out. It takes in seven passes from a diameter of 37&ndash;20 mm with a total diameter reduction &epsilon; = 85%. According to this case simulation data, the total equivalent strain in the most processed peripheral zone 27.5 mm/mm was reached. Due to the complex vortex metal flow, the equivalent strain over the section distribution was uneven with a gradient reducing towards the axial zone. This fact should have a deep effect on the structure change. Changes and structure gradient by sample section EBSD mapping with 2 mm resolution were studied. The microhardness section gradient by the HV 0.5 method was also studied. The axial and central zones of the sample by the TEM method were studied. The rod section structure has an expressed gradient from the formed equiaxed ultrafine-grained (UFG) structure on a few outer millimeters of the peripheral section to the elongated rolling texture in the center of the bar. The work shows the possibility of processing with the gradient structure obtaining and enhanced properties for the Zr-2.5Nb alloy, and a database for this alloy FEM numerical simulations are also presents.
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