Energies, Vol. 16, Pages 4234: 3D-Printable Concrete for Energy-Efficient Buildings

Energies, Vol. 16, Pages 4234: 3D-Printable Concrete for Energy-Efficient Buildings

Energies doi: 10.3390/en16104234

Authors:
Manideep Samudrala
Syed Mujeeb
Bhagyashri A. Lanjewar
Ravijanya Chippagiri
Muralidhar Kamath
Rahul V. Ralegaonkar

Rapid construction with an energy-efficient approach is a major challenge in the present construction industry. Cement, a carbon-intensive material, is mainly used in the construction industry and hence increases the sector’s carbon footprint on the environment. The current review focuses on the study of 3D concrete printing (3DCP), in which cement is partially replaced with industrial byproducts such as ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS), fly ash, and silica fume. Walling material is primarily targeted in 3DCP. There is a need to include energy efficiency to achieve a thermally comfortable environment. The life cycle assessment (LCA) of concrete is studied to discover the potential conflicts affecting the environment. The sand-to-binder ratio is pivotal in determining the performance of concrete. The content of the supplements is decided based on this factor. The rheological, physical, and mechanical properties of 3DCP are studied further and analysed. GGBS demonstrates better performance in the compressive and flexure strength of concrete. The usage of fly ash and silica fume has reduced the thermal conductivity of the material, whereas GGBS has increased it. An LCA study shows that 3DCP can be made sustainable with the use of these supplementary cementitious materials.

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