The interplay between plasma turbulence and magnetic reconnection remains an unsettled question in astrophysical and laboratory plasmas. Here, we report the first observational evidence that magnetic reconnection drives subion-scale turbulence in magnetospheric plasmas by transferring energy to small scales. We employ a spatial “coarse-grained” model of Hall magnetohydrodynamics, enabling us to measure the nonlinear energy transfer rate across scale at position . Its application to Magnetospheric Multiscale mission data shows that magnetic reconnection drives intense energy transfer to subion-scales. This observational evidence is remarkably supported by the results from Hybrid Vlasov-Maxwell simulations of turbulence to which the coarse-grained model is also applied. These results can potentially answer some open questions on plasma turbulence in planetary environments.
- Received 23 July 2022
- Revised 11 February 2023
- Accepted 7 April 2023
© 2023 American Physical Society
Plasma PhysicsNonlinear Dynamics