Observation of Fast Current Redistribution in an Imploding Plasma Column

Spectroscopic measurements of the magnetic field evolution in a Z-pinch throughout stagnation and with particularly high spatial resolution reveal a sudden current redistribution from the stagnating plasma (SP) to a low-density plasma (LDP) at larger radii, while the SP continues to implode. Based on the plasma parameters it is shown that the current is transferred to an increasing-conductance LDP outside the stagnation, a process likely to be induced by the large impedance of the SP. Since an LDP often exists around imploding plasmas and in various pulsed-power systems, such a fast current redistribution may dramatically affect the behavior and achievable parameters in these systems.

  • Received 9 November 2021
  • Revised 10 March 2023
  • Accepted 3 May 2023

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.205101

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Plasma Physics

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