To date, the vast majority of architected materials have leveraged two physical principles to control wave behavior, namely, Bragg interference and local resonances. Here, we describe a third path: structures that accommodate a finite number of delocalized zero-energy modes, leading to anomalous dispersion cones that nucleate from extreme spatial dispersion at 0 Hz. We explain how to design such zero-energy modes in the context of elasticity and show that many of the landmark wave properties of metamaterials can also be induced at an extremely subwavelength scale by the associated anomalous cones, without suffering from the same bandwidth limitations. We then validate our theory through a combination of simulations and experiments. Finally, we present an inverse design method to produce anomalous cones at desired locations in space.
- Received 16 September 2022
- Accepted 24 April 2023
© 2023 American Physical Society
Condensed Matter, Materials & Applied Physics