Inverse Anderson transitions, where the flat-band localization is destroyed by disorder, have been wildly investigated in quantum and classical systems in the presence of Abelian gauge fields. Here, we report the first investigation on inverse Anderson transitions in the system with non-Abelian gauge fields. It is found that pseudospin-dependent localized and delocalized eigenstates coexist in the disordered non-Abelian Aharonov-Bohm cage, making inverse Anderson transitions depend on the relative phase of two internal pseudospins. Such an exotic phenomenon induced by the interplay between non-Abelian gauge fields and disorder has no Abelian analogy. Furthermore, we theoretically design and experimentally fabricate non-Abelian Aharonov-Bohm topolectrical circuits to observe the non-Abelian inverse Anderson transition. Through the direct measurements of frequency-dependent impedance responses and voltage dynamics, the pseudospin-dependent non-Abelian inverse Anderson transitions are observed. Our results establish the connection between inverse Anderson transitions and non-Abelian gauge fields, and thus comprise a new insight on the fundamental aspects of localization in disordered non-Abelian flat-band systems.
- Received 6 November 2022
- Accepted 26 April 2023
© 2023 American Physical Society
Condensed Matter, Materials & Applied Physics