Long-Range Order and Directional Defect Propagation in the Nonreciprocal $\mathit{XY}$ Model with Vision Cone Interactions

We study a two-dimensional, nonreciprocal XY model, where each spin interacts only with its nearest neighbors in a certain angle around its current orientation, i.e., its “vision cone.” Using energetic arguments and Monte Carlo simulations, we show that a true long-range ordered phase emerges. A necessary ingredient is a configuration-dependent bond dilution entailed by the vision cones. Strikingly, defects propagate in a directional manner, thereby breaking the parity and time-reversal symmetry of the spin dynamics. This is detectable by a nonzero entropy production rate.

  • Received 23 June 2022
  • Revised 1 December 2022
  • Accepted 11 April 2023


Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI.

Published by the American Physical Society

Statistical Physics

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