Divergent Stiffness of One-Dimensional Growing Interfaces

When a spatially localized stress is applied to a growing one-dimensional interface, the interface deforms. This deformation is described by the effective surface tension representing the stiffness of the interface. We present that the stiffness exhibits divergent behavior in the large system size limit for a growing interface with thermal noise, which has never been observed for equilibrium interfaces. Furthermore, by connecting the effective surface tension with a space-time correlation function, we elucidate the mechanism that anomalous dynamical fluctuations lead to divergent stiffness.

  • Received 4 November 2022
  • Revised 12 January 2023
  • Accepted 13 April 2023

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.197101

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Statistical Physics

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