Sublattice-Dependent Antiferromagnetic Transitions in Rare Earth Nickelates

Perovskite rare earth nickelates exhibit remarkably rich physics in their metal-insulator and antiferromagnetic transitions, and there has been a long-standing debate on whether their magnetic structures are collinear or noncollinear. Through symmetry consideration based on the Landau theory, we discover that the antiferromagnetic transitions on the two nonequivalent Ni sublattices occur separately at different Néel temperatures induced by the O breathing mode. It is manifested by two kinks on the temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibilities with the secondary kink being continuous in the collinear magnetic structure but discontinuous in the noncollinear one. The prediction on the secondary discontinuous kink is corroborated by an existing magnetic susceptibility measurement on bulk single-crystalline nickelates, thus strongly supporting the noncollinear nature of the magnetic structure in bulk nickelates, thereby shedding new light on the long-standing debate.

  • Received 30 November 2022
  • Revised 5 March 2023
  • Accepted 19 April 2023

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.186801

© 2023 American Physical Society

Condensed Matter, Materials & Applied Physics

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